Black Tea in Pregnancy: Risks, Benefits & More – When it comes to drinking beverage during pregnancy you need to be very careful, as most of these are not considered good for your child. Many of these drinks, whether alcoholic or non-alcoholic can have an adverse effect on your fetus, as it can cross the placenta and reach your baby. Keeping this in mind here the answer to the question is it safe to drink black tea during pregnancy has been discussed.
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Drive through the write-up to learn more about black tea in pregnancy.
What is black tea?
Whether you call it Earl Grey or masala chai, it is still the same black tea. Produced from the leaves of Camellia sinensis plant, this tea is very strong and has bold flavors. Its bitterness and color are achieved by complete oxidation. This also plays a great role in changing the level of constituents present in it in comparison to green tea.
Both green tea and black tea are made from the same plant Camellia sinensis, but it is the level of oxidation that creates the difference in their taste and nutrient content. Still, there is no doubt about the fact that both have health benefits.
What goes black tea contain?
Just like green tea, oolong tea, and white tea, black tea is not an herbal tea. Nevertheless, it contains a lot of nutrients that keep you healthy. It contains antioxidants, amino acids, Vitamins, minerals, fluoride, etc. The major antioxidants present in it are polyphenols such as theaflavins, tannins, and thearubigins.
These are very helpful as it helps you in fighting the free radicals thereby keeping your cells safe from damage. With just one cup of black tea, your body receives the amazing calming effect that keeps your mind at peace. Furthermore, the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of black tea also help in keeping many diseases at bay.
Still one cannot answer the question is black tea good for pregnancy in yes or no. You need to understand more about black tea before coming to the conclusion.
The major problem with black tea is that in addition to the aforementioned nutrients it also contains caffeine, which has some side effects and can make black tea bad during pregnancy. However, it is important to understand how much caffeine is present in black tea and how much amount of caffeine is safe in pregnancy.
How much caffeine is present in black tea?
It is not that only black tea contains caffeine and green tea doesn’t contain it. The difference is just that black tea is more oxidized, so the percentage of caffeine in it is greater than that of green tea. However, when compared to coffee, the level of caffeine in black tea is low.
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In 8 oz (ounce) or 236 ml (milliliters) of green tea, you get 25 to 45 mg (milligrams) caffeine, whereas the same amount of black tea contains 47.4 mg of caffeine. If you compare this with 8oz of coffee, then it contains 95 mg of coffee. Having said that, it depends on the type of coffee, as the espresso contains less caffeine of 63 mg and decaffeinated contains even lesser than it, which is something around 3mg. The same thing is true for low caffeine black tea, low caffeine green tea or decaffeinated black tea and green tea.
How much caffeine is allowed to pregnant women?
Caffeine is considered unhealthy for pregnant women but if taken in excess. According to many research and studies, it has been found that if you take 200 to 300 mg of caffeine per day during pregnancy then it will not create an adverse effect on your or child’s health. However, if you take caffeine more than this level then it can lead to the abortion of the child.
Major problems related to caffeine in pregnant women
The major issues that pop up with intake of caffeine in pregnant women are:
Dehydration – Caffeine is diuretic, which means it can enhance your urination. This can reduce the level of water in your body, thereby leading to dehydration. This is not good for you as well as the fetus.
Abortion – Caffeine if taken in large amount can pass through your placenta and can create trouble for your fetus. This can also be fatal for your child and can lead to abortion.
Insomnia – One of the major side effects of caffeine is that it can cause insomnia or can affect your sleeping pattern. For pregnant women, it is important to get proper sleep and with high caffeine level in the body, you can face trouble in it.
Low absorption of iron – Another problem that caffeine can create in a pregnant woman is that it lowers the absorption of iron in the body. This can lead to a deficiency of iron which is dangerous for both the mother and the child during pregnancy.
This is one of the reasons why pregnant women are advised to ensure that they do not take much of caffeine based drink in their first trimester when folic acid is needed for the development of the fetus, as it can decrease their folate levels.
How much black tea in pregnancy is good?
Taking black tea is not bad in pregnancy until you are strictly advised by the doctor to avoid it or you are anemic. However, it is important to ensure that you take only a cup of black tea per day. Furthermore, you must not take the black tea immediately before or after meals or even with the meals.
You must try to take a cup of black tea 45 minutes after or before meals. Also, you are suggested not to take black tea empty stomach and just before going to sleep. Black tea during pregnancy third trimester is not bad, just remember that you do not take it in excess otherwise it can lead to dehydration, which can cause a severe problem in the last months of pregnancy.
If you are fond of black tea, then you do not have to worry about black tea and pregnancy problems. You just need to understand that you do not take an excessive amount of caffeine. You can take a cup of black tea every day after consulting your doctor, thereby availing the benefits of black tea during pregnancy without getting affected by the side effects of caffeine present in it.